1. With respect to global connections, association with _______ offers the brightest immediate future for
many African countries.
B. the European Union.
D. the United States.
2. Slum areas called shantytowns occur in _________ major African cities, housing over _________
percent of urban populations.
A. five major; 50
B. all; 70
C. some; 40
D. nearly all; 60
3. Tourism is the _______ industry in the world.
4. As of 2008, the population of Australia was 21.3 million, and the population of New Zealand was closer
to ________ million.
5. With respect to Australia’s aboriginal peoples, animistic religious beliefs are characterized by _______
6. The natural vegetation regions of sub-Saharan Africa
A. only correspond to climatic conditions in areas of West Africa.
B. are heavily impacted by human activity.
C. are all characteristic of equatorial latitudes.
D. don’t correspond closely to climatic regions.
7. What are the “many islands” people also called?
8. Which South African city is a regional hub of commerce and has South Africa’s premier international
C. Cape Town
9. The zone along the southern margins of the Sahara is called the
10. At independence, the most prosperous country of former French Western Africa was
A. Côte d’Ivoire.
11. The Great _______ Range, running just inland along Australia’s eastern coast, is that continent’s only
significant mountain chain.
12. In Oceania, most towns began as
B. capital cities.
C. colonial ports.
D. tribal ritual centers.
13. The lowlands west of Australia’s eastern mountain range are drained by the Murray-Darling River
system, with its main headwaters in the Great _______ Basin.
14. In Australia, most cattle ranching is found in
A. New South Wales.
D. South Australia.
15. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), AIDS is listed as the _______ main cause of
16. In the context of European colonization, Portugal controlled Mozambique and
17. When the Australian economy was based on import-substitution manufacturing,
A. protectionist policies were emphasized.
B. domestic manufacturing was discouraged.
C. expansionist policies were emphasized.
D. domestic production assured national prosperity.
18. Mensa Musa was the famed emperor of
19. Sudan is omitted from inclusion in the sub-Saharan region because it
A. is linked to Egypt by the Nile.
End of exam
B. doesn’t border the Sahara Desert.
C. contains most of the evidence of humanity’s African origins.
D. is politically distinct from other regional countries.
20. When Australia became the federated Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, Sydney and Melbourne
competed to be the capital city. A compromise was reached and _______ became the federal capital in
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