PHI 445 Week 1 Quiz

Week 1 Quiz

 

 

Question 1.                

The idea that character traits can contribute to or take away from a happy and meaningful life describes

moral relativism.

duty theory.

virtue ethics.

care ethics.

 

 

Question 2.                

If Mr. Swanson, a college professor, says that there is no such thing as right and wrong and treats questions regarding what is good and evil as relative to an individual’s values and culture, this is an example of the theory of

cultural objectivism.

cultural relativism.

deontology.

utilitarianism.

 

 

Question 3.                

An example of an intrinsic value for an employee would be

accomplishing something of real value.

getting a pay raise.

receiving a bonus.

being rewarded with a gift card.

 

 

Question 4.                

The idea that we are born with basic moral principles that we use to judge people’s actions describes __________ theory.

psychological altruism

duty

virtue

utilitarian

 

Question 5.               

Which theory of ethics says that we should make decisions that produce “the greatest good for the greatest number”?

Kantian

Duty

Utilitarian

Egoism

 

Question 6.                

Which of the following ethical frameworks explains that our decisions should be based on the overall consequences of our acts?

Virtue ethics

Duty theory

Utilitarianism

Social contract theory

 

Question 7.               

The idea that women place a high value on caring and nurturing others is the _____ theory.

utilitarian

duty

care ethics

virtue ethics

 

Question 8.                

Which of the following would be an immoral act but not usually considered an illegal act?

Lying on the witness stand

Stealing from an employer

Driving over the speed limit

Cheating on an exam

 

 

Question 9.                

The main idea of utilitarianism is its focus on

principles of virtue.

the importance of the consequences of your actions.

personal character.

following rules with no regard to consequence.

 

Question 10.             

Which of these statements about moral values is true?

We are born with them.

We learn them in ethics classes.

We learn them from family and friends.

We inherit them from our parents’ genetic make-up.

 

 

Question 11.              

According to philosopher John Locke, which of the following statements about human rights is true?

Human rights are created by governments.

Each human has basic rights to life, health, liberty, and possessions.

What human rights you are entitled to depend on where you live.

Human rights do not stay with us during our entire life

 

 

Question 12.              

Janelle gives to charity because she enjoys the gratitude and recognition from the people she helps. This is an example of

psychological egoism.

altruism.

care ethics.

virtue ethics.

 

Question 13.             

Which of the following ethical frameworks would support child labor if the consequences produced better overall results than the available alternatives?

Deontology

Virtue ethics

Utilitarianism

Moral relativism

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