Stage models of relationships


QUESTION 1

1. The Helical Model presents an economic view of relationships, wherein relational partners weigh rewards and costs of a relationship.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 2

1. Stage models of relationships are universally applicable, and do a good job of addressing cultural differences.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 3

1. Coaches and work supervisors typically have which kind(s) of power over their athletes/employees?

  a. reward and coercive power
  b. legitimate power
  c. information power
  d. both a and b above
  e. all of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 4

1. In Social Exchange theory, the idea that in close relationships, a relational partner may allow costs to outweigh benefits is a concept known as:

    communal relationships
    comparison level of alternatives
    supply-demand analysis
    none of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 5

1. When you disclose some information about your family to a new friend in hopes that your new friend will share about her family too, the main reason for your self-disclosure is:

    catharsis
    self-clarification
    reciprocity
    impression management

1 points   

QUESTION 6

1. In the relationship theory of Dialectics, the main goal is to eliminate the tensions in the relationship.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 7

1. There is one main type of conflict style that is useful in a specific type of conflict situation, regardless of the people and factors involved.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 8

1. All of the following are key dimensions of interpersonal relationships,  except:

    interdependence
    breadth
    understanding and predictability
    intersecting identity cycles

1 points   

QUESTION 9

1. Dialectics is one approach to understanding interpersonal relationships in which the main focus is on:

    assertive communication
    conflict management
    balancing multiple relationships
    balancing opposing tensions

1 points   

QUESTION 10

1. Brianna and Latoya both have their ears pierced because Amira, the most popular girl in their class, had hers pierced. This is an example of what kind of power?

    referent power
    information power
    reward power
    expert power

1 points   

QUESTION 11

1. Which approach to relationships focuses on cycles of dis/integration and re/synthesis that relationships go through?

    Helical model
    Social Exchange Model
    Stage Model
    Dialectics

1 points   

QUESTION 12

1. Paola wants to enjoy spending their money now and to not worry about the future; Valentine wants to skimp a little today to ensure that they can enjoy life in the future. These conflicting views are an example of _______.

    fact conflict
    value conflict
    pseudo-conflict
    ego conflict

1 points   

QUESTION 13

1. Marcus, who used to think nothing of driving across town to pick up Anne-Helene for a date, is now having second thoughts about the time it takes to get to her house. His reconsideration of whether he should continue doing so is based on:

    Schutz’s balance theory
    Heider’s balance theory
    Maslow’s needs theory
    Thibault and Kelley’s exchange theory

1 points   

QUESTION 14

1. Henry’s wife is aware that he snores in his sleep and exhibits nervous mannerisms sometimes when he communicates, but Henry is unaware that he does these things. These things would fall under the _______ quadrant of Henry’s Johari window.

    open
    secret or hidden
    blind
    unknown

1 points   

QUESTION 15

1. Jose works hard for Kentaro in hopes that Kentaro will recommend him for a promotion. In this specific example which form of Kentaro’s power over Jose is most clearly demonstrated?

    legitimate power
    coercive power
    reward power
    expert power

1 points   

QUESTION 16

1. All of the following are types of relational dialectics except:

    autonomy-connection
    novelty-predictability
    openness-closedness
    all are types of relational dialectics

1 points   

QUESTION 17

1. Choosing to self-disclose something as a way to give off a certain idea about yourself on a first date is known as:

    Reciprocity
    Catharsis
    Impression management
    Self-clarification

1 points   

QUESTION 18

1. In the termination stage of a relationship, people may use:

    strategies of manipulation
    strategies of avoidance
    strategies of withdrawal
    all of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 19

1. In Social Exchange Theory, Thibaut and Kelley suggest that people want relationships:

    that offer rewards without any costs
    that offer high rewards and little costs
    no matter the costs
    that have an equal amount of cost and rewards

1 points   

QUESTION 20

1. Terrell’s parents wish him to be more open with them. So he chooses to disclose more about events at school, but not reveal any more information about his relationship with Sam. This is an example of:

    topical segmentation
    neutralization
    reframing
    reporting

1 points   

QUESTION 21

1. Self-disclosure is always a positive experience in interpersonal relationships.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 22

1. When you ask for feedback,

    you are obligated to act on it
    you should be sure you are ready for an honest response
    making rational choices about changing your behavior becomes impossible
    you can be sure that you will receive a compliment

1 points   

QUESTION 23

1. The need for ____________ reflects a desire to influence the events and people around us.

    inclusion
    oversocial
    exchange
    control

1 points   

QUESTION 24

1. A main criticism of stage models of relationships such as Knapp’s is that they are not prescriptive and structured enough – that they don’t show what stage relational partners may experience next.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 25

1. The idea that we want to bond with others, yet we also want to retain our independence in our lives illustrates which dialectical tension?

    connection-autonomy
    stability-change
    openness-closedness
    progression-tradition

1 points   

QUESTION 26

1. As the self-disclosure of one person increases, the self-disclosure of the other person usually:

    decreases
    becomes more positive
    becomes less personal
    increases

1 points   

QUESTION 27

1. Choosing to self-disclose something to provide a “release” (get it off your chest) is called:

    Catharsis
    Self-validation
    Psychological reasoning
    Impression management

1 points   

QUESTION 28

1. When offering ____________, preface a negative statement with a positive one whenever possible.

    praise
    self-disclosure
    opinions
    constructive criticism

1 points   

QUESTION 29

1. Javier knows that he has difficulty distinguishing colors. He does not disclose this information to his friends. This information falls into the __________ quadrant of his Johari window.

    open
    secret or hidden
    blind
    unknown

1 points   

QUESTION 30

1. When people see other choices available and they weigh their options to continue in a relationship, they are engaging in:

    comparison level of alternatives
    interactive relationship development strategies
    uncertainty reduction strategies
    active relationship development strategies

1 points   

QUESTION 31

1. Which of the following represent ‘particularistic rewards’ in Social Exchange theory?

    love, time, information, services
    time, love, status, money
    information, goods, services
    goods, services, status, time

1 points   

QUESTION 32

1. There are several alternatives to self-disclosure that we covered in class. Which of the following is not one of those alternatives?

    Lying
    Equivocating
    Hinting
    Truth-telling

1 points   

QUESTION 33

1. All of the following are dimensions of intimacy that we discussed in class, except:

    Physical
    Intellectual
    Shared Activities
    Behavioral

1 points   

QUESTION 34

1. Which of the following are characteristics for effective self-disclosure?

    It occurs incrementally
    It is affected by culture
    It is usually symmetrical
    All of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 35

1. According to interpersonal needs theory, people who have a high need to be around others are called:

    open
    oversocials
    needy
    autocrats

1 points   

QUESTION 36

1. Which of the following is a relationship stage that is characterized by personal rituals and a combined social identity including “we” and “us” language?

    differentiating
    experimenting
    intensifying
    integrating

1 points   

QUESTION 37

1. Owning feelings and taking responsibility for your choices involves:

    making “I” statements
    taking the credit for what others have done
    granting advantages to others
    properly assessing strengths

1 points   

QUESTION 38

1. In Dialectics theory, internal dialectics refer to the tensions within the relationship while external dialectics refer to the tensions between the couple and others (in their social circles).

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 39

1. Developing friendships with your relational partner’s friends is one strategy used to ___________ a relationship.

    maintain
    de-escalate
    activate
    dissolve

1 points   

QUESTION 40

1. In dialectical theory, selecting one side of a relational contradiction and ignoring the other side is called temporal selection.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 41

1. There are no legitimate reasons for choosing privacy over self-disclosure in close relationships.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 42

1. Which theorist(s) asserted that, “Whether a relationship is started, built, or maintained depends on how well each person meets the needs of the other”

    Schutz
    Knapp and Vangelisti
    Burgoon
    Thibaut and Kelly

1 points   

QUESTION 43

1. One of the most important elements of the beginnings of relationships is the need to reduce

    the open quadrant
    interaction
    uncertainty
    escalation

1 points   

QUESTION 44

1. Len reports that the first contract for their company was signed on February 14, but Nora says it was signed on January 19. The conflict that ensues is a(n) _________________.

    fact conflict
    value conflict
    pseudo-conflict
    ego conflict  

1 points   

QUESTION 45

1. Which of the following is NOT an interpersonal need according to Schutz?

    affection
    inclusion
    emotion
    control

1 points   

QUESTION 46

1. Which of the following is a relationship stage that sometimes occurs after bonding when partners express a need for increased privacy or autonomy?

    differentiating
    experimenting
    intensifying
    circulating

1 points   

QUESTION 47

1. In Knapp’s stage model of coming together and coming apart, which of the following is not a stage?

    intensifying
    closure
    bonding
    stagnating

1 points   

QUESTION 48

1. One underlying assumption of dialectics is that change is a constant in relationships.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 49

1. Rewards are outcomes that are not valued by a person.

True

False

1 points   

QUESTION 50

1. Dalia shared very personal information about herself with Ramy. Later in the day, Ramy’s friends asked him about Dalia and her secret. Ramy has ______________ power because of his knowledge of Dalia’s private information and his choice to share it or not.

    referent power
    information power
    reward power
    coercive power

1 points   

QUESTION 51

1. Having regular “Monday night discussions”  with your  boyfriend/girlfriend (or your husband/wife) that are intended to help you understand one another better represent which main reason for self-disclosure?

    relational maintenance
    catharsis
    impression management
    manipulation

1 points   

QUESTION 52

1. The idea that interpersonal relationships involve shared scripts – phrases, idioms, personal references – refers to which key dimension of interpersonal relationships?

    communication language system
    communication code change
    paralanguage
    intimate relationship communication

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