CSE2NFX Network engineering fundamentals


Assessment 3
Designing and implementing a network
CSE2NFX Network engineering fundamentals
2 © Didasko 2020. All rights reserved. 2

Objectives
▪ Examine the given scenario and create a performance analysis document.
▪ Apply appropriate network physical standards for different network scenarios.
▪ Determine and plan the appropriate classless IP addressing scheme for the given
scenario.
▪ Assign proper subnets / VLSM subnets.
▪ Configure the networking devices.
Copying and plagiarism
This is an individual assignment. Students are not permitted to work in a group when writing this
assignment. Plagiarism is the submission of another person’s work in a manner that gives the
impression that the work is their own. La Trobe University treats plagiarism seriously. When detected,
penalties are strictly imposed.
Further information can be found on http://www.latrobe.edu.au/students/academic
integrity/explanation/plagiarism
Submission guidelines
Your assignment submission should be typed, not written/drawn by hand.
Submit the electronic copy of your assignment through the subject LMS.
Submission after the deadline will incur a penalty of 5% of the available assignment mark per day
capped at 5 days. No assignment will be accepted after 5 days. If you have encountered difficulties
that lead to late submission or no submission, you should apply for special consideration.

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Part A: Design the proposed network topology
Scenario
Digital Graphics Design (DGD) is a medium-size graphic design company located in Melbourne. It
offers a wide range of graphic design services to different companies/clients to popularise their
brands and help them with their publicity by creating state-of-the-art pieces such as flyers, logo,
multimedia presentations, magazine titles, visiting cards, websites, profiles, and adding graphics to
existing marketing material as per the client’s requirements.
The office consists of two levels. As a part of their expansion the managing director of DGD has
recently hired two more levels within the same building.
Table 1 shows the total number of staff and devices by location and Figure 1 illustrates the current
network setup.

Level Staff/devices Number
Level 1 Administrative staff 30
IT support staff 4
Database server 1
Printers 2
Level 2 Graphic designers 40
Marketing staff 22
Printers 2
Level 3 Website developers 35
Managers 10
Printers 2
Level 4 Project coordinators 15
Accounting staff 5
Programmers 30
Printers 2
Total 200

Table 1
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Figure 1

Note
• Figure 1 does not show all staff devices and printers.

All staff computers, database server and printers are connected to D-Link DES-1026G 24-port
10/100 (Mbps) unmanaged switches via Cat3 cable. Also, a Linksys gateway device is connected
to the network for internet access. All staff save their work-related data over the local area network
to a centralised database server (located on level 1).
However, after the inception of two more levels, the network performance has dropped. Staff are
complaining about the slow transfer of data to the database server; also when sharing their workrelated data over the local area network to other computers.
© Didasko 2020. All rights reserved. 5
You have been appointed to redesign an appropriate local area network for DGD. The design should
ideally be such that all the staff from one level can communicate with all other staff within the office
with good speeds. The managing director of DGD also expects users to experience fast download
speeds when browsing the internet. To avoid a slow and sluggish network, the managing director of
DGD has asked you to propose a LAN design to fulfil the above requirements.

Note
• This design needs only one router and the managing director has already purchased a
Cisco router, model number 2811. So when attempting Task 1 (below), you are NOT
required to suggest the router model.
• Your focus should be on improving the LAN performance.

You need to perform the following task.
Task 1: Produce a performance analysis document
Based on the above information, you are required to produce a performance analysis document,
including the following.
a) Examine the existing local area network topology (as shown in Figure 1) and perform an
analysis on why the current network performance is slow.
b) Your recommendations for improving LAN performance.

Note
In your recommendations, you need to focus on topology, LAN devices, cables, etc.

c) Recommended network components as part of improving the LAN performance. Provide a
list of network components, network component specifications, quantity, location and
compliance IEEE standards of the selected networking components.
You can use Table 2, shown below, as a template to list the components of your topology. The
first two rows are examples. Starting from the third row, you will have to provide an answer for the
Cisco 2811 router and your chosen network components.

Component Specification
(Number of ports,
speed, connector type)
Quantity Location Compliant
standards
Hub (example) 16 ports, RJ45
connector
How many
hubs?
Level number IEEE 802.3af

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Cable (example) UTP N/A Everywhere Cat3
Cisco 2811 router
(Given to you by
DGD)
2 built-in Gigabit
Ethernet ports
More expansion slots
are available to add
more Ethernet ports.
1 unit Level 1 <research and
provide the
standards for
this device>

Table 2

Note
Add all the written answers in a Word file named xxx_cse2nfx_assessment3.docx
(where xxx is your student number). Mention the task number in the Word file.

Part B: Implement IP routing in a simulated
environment
Scenario
Digital Marketing (DM) is an enterprise marketing firm. As a part of their expansion, DM is planning
to open two new branches in Sydney and Canberra. The managing director of DM has decided to
use IPv4 class B network address 172.16.0.0/16 for both new offices.
Before moving to the actual design and implementation phase, the managing director provided you
with a simulated design of the proposed network (as shown in Figure 2), which will assist you in
understanding the entire network topology.
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Figure 2

Note
• Figure 2 does not show all end devices and LAN switches.
• You need to use Cisco Packet Tracer software to configure the routers. Therefore, for
simulation purposes, consider that all the routers are Cisco 2811 series.
• Only the devices shown in Figure 2 are to be used throughout this assessment.
• Add all the screenshots and written answers in a Word file named
xxx_cse2nfx_assessment3.docx (where xxx is your student number). Mention the task
number in the Word file.

Table 3 shows the number of host addresses (including WAN link) for both branches’ LAN.

Branch Network Number of hosts
Sydney LAN1 440
LAN2 390
LAN3 280
WAN1 (Sydney to Canberra) 1
Canberra LAN4 530
LAN5 340
LAN6 485

8 © Didasko 2020. All rights reserved. 8

WAN1 (Canberra to Sydney) 1

Table 3
You have been hired as a network engineer to effectively design the IP addressing scheme for each
LAN and WAN link by minimum address wastage. Each LAN has a different number of host
requirements, so, in this scenario, the FLSM method is not a good idea. You need to apply the VLSM
method and perform the following task.
Task 1: Design the IP addressing scheme
This is a critical planning step. To support your planning, two table templates (Table 4 and Table 5)
are given below.
a) Fill Table 4 with the planned IP addressing scheme (in dotted decimal notation) for each
LAN by using the VLSM method.

LAN1
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address
LAN2
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address
LAN3
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address
LAN4
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)

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Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address
LAN5
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address
LAN6
Customised subnet mask (VLSM subnet mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address

Table 4
b) Fill Table 5 with the planned IP addressing scheme (in dotted decimal notation) for the
WAN link by using the VLSM method.

WAN link (Sydney to Canberra)
New VLSM subnet mask (customised subnet
mask)
Address prefix length (i.e., 172.16.0.0./?)
VLSM subnetted network address
First usable IP address
Last usable IP address

Table 5
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Task 2: Build the topology
After designing the IP addressing scheme, you need to create the network diagram shown in Figure
2 using a Cisco Packet Tracer. Use suitable cable types when cabling the devices (for example,
Ethernet or serial). Label the devices as depicted in Figure 2.
a) Save the Cisco Packet Tracer file as xxx_cse2nfx_assessment3.pkt (where xxx is your
student number).
b) Include a screenshot of your topology as evidence of the completion of this task.

Note
No configuration is required in Task 2; only a network diagram with relevant devices and
cables.

Task 3: IP address assignment
Fill Table 6 with the appropriate IP addresses, subnet masks and gateways, as per the IP addressing
scheme from Task 1. Once you complete Tables 6 and 7, it will be easy for you to configure the
Ethernet and serial interfaces in Task 4.

Network Device/interface IP address (in
dotted
decimal
notation)
Subnet mask
(in dotted
decimal
notation)
Default
gateway
Sydney router F0/0 interface N/A
Sydney router F0/1 interface
Sydney router F1/0 interface
LAN1 Sydney_PC1 Example
172.16.x.x
Example
255.255.x.x
Example
172.16.x.x
LAN2 Sydney_PC2
LAN3 Sydney_Server1
Canberra router F0/0 interface N/A
Canberra router F0/1 interface
Canberra router F1/0 interface
LAN4 Canberra_PC1
LAN5 Canberra_PC2

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LAN6 Canberra_Server1

Table 6
Fill Table 7 with your planned IP addresses for the WAN1 link.

Network Device/interface IP address (in
dotted decimal
notation)
Subnet mask (in
dotted decimal
notation)
Sydney to
Canberra
Serial interface on
Sydney
(Serial0/0/0)
Serial interface on
Canberra
(Serial0/0/0)

Table 7
Task 4: Configure the Ethernet and serial interfaces
a) Configure Ethernet interfaces of all the end devices (i.e., Sydney_PC1, Sydney_PC2,
Sydney_Server1, Canberra_PC1, Canberra_PC2 and Canberra_Server1) with the IP
addresses, subnet masks and default gateways from Table 6.
b) For Sydney_PC1, Sydney_Server1, Canberra_PC1, and Canberra_Server1 take
screenshots of the completed IP configuration window as evidence of the completion of this
task and include them in the Word file.
c) Configure and activate the Ethernet and serial interfaces on each router using IP
addresses and subnet masks from Tables 6 and 7.

Note
Configure the serial interface clock rate as 128,000.

d) Issue the command ‘show ip interface brief’ on both routers and provide screenshots of the
output.
Task 5: Configure the Sydney and Canberra routers
Perform basic configuration of both routers (i.e., Sydney and Canberra) as per the given instructions
in Table 8 (below).

Sydney Canberra
a) Hostname h) Hostname

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The hostname of the router should be Sydney. The hostname of the router should be
Canberra.
b) Passwords i) Passwords
Passwords on the router should be as follows.
• Plain text mode password as
computer
• Encrypted password as power
• Console password as consolepass
Passwords on the router should be as follows.
• Plain text mode password as
computer
• Encrypted password as power
• Console password as consolepass
c) MOTD j) MOTD
The message of the day banner (MOTD)
should be seen on the router as ‘This
assessment is about designing and
implementing an internetwork!’.
The message of the day banner (MOTD)
should be seen on the router as ‘This
assessment is about designing and
implementing an internetwork!’.
d) Saving configuration k) Saving configuration
Ensure that you have saved the above
configuration to NVRAM.
Ensure that you have saved the above
configuration to NVRAM.
e) Static routing l) Static routing
Routing and linking the internetworks of
Sydney and Canberra routers.
Static routes should be implemented between
Sydney and Canberra routers to route the
packets between the networks of those routers.
Routing and linking the internetworks of
Canberra and Sydney routers.
Static routes should be implemented between
Canberra and Sydney routers to route the
packets between the networks of those routers.
f) Connectivity test m) Connectivity test
• Issue the ‘ping’ command from Sydney_PC1
to Canberra_PC1.
• Issue the ‘ping’ command from Sydney_PC2
to Canberra_Server1.
(All ping results should be successful.)
• Issue the ‘ping’ command from
Canberra_PC1 to Sydney_PC2.
• Issue the ‘ping’ command from
Canberra_PC2 to Sydney_Server1.
(All ping results should be successful.)
g) Evidence gathering n) Evidence gathering
Provide screenshots of router configurations
(startup-config file) in the tabulated form (side
by side, as shown here in Table 8).
Provide screenshots of router configurations
(startup-config file) in the tabulated form (side
by side, as shown here in Table 8).

Table 8
© Didasko 2020. All rights reserved. 13
Part C: Short answer questions

Note
Part C of this assessment is not YES/NO answers. Each of the questions should be
answered in an elaborated form with pros and cons to support your answer.

Q1. In Part B, Task 1, you have designed the IP addressing scheme for each of the six LANs by
using the VLSM method. If the number of users is doubled in each LAN, will the current LAN be able
to accommodate the additional users? Explain in detail to support your answer.
Q2. In Part B, Task 4, you have configured Ethernet and serial interfaces. Imagine, you have
configured Ethernet and serial interfaces for the Sydney router, but you have ONLY configured an
Ethernet interface on the Canberra router. In this situation, what will happen? Explain in detail to
support your answer.
Q3. Provide a scenario where the FLSM method is better than the VLSM method, and the VLSM
method is better than the FLSM? Explain in detail.
Submitting your assessment
When you have completed all the tasks, submit the assessment on the LP.
You should submit the following:
• Submit your assignment in a single Word document called xxx_cse2nfx_assessment3.docx
(where xxx is your student number).
• Submit your packet tracer file called xxx_cse2nfx_assessment3.pkt (where xxx is your
student number).
14 © Didasko 2020. All rights reserved. 14
Assessment marking criteria

Part A: Design the proposed network topology
Technical proposal document has been provided with the
following:
Mark/Item Mark/Task
A.1.1 Existing topology has been carefully analysed. 4 24
A.1.2 Explanation of why the existing network is slow. 4
A.2.1 Suggestions have been provided for improvement on the LAN. 8
A.3.1 List of network components has been provided. 1
A.3.2 Network component specification has been provided in
tabulated format.
2
A.3.3 Quantity for each network component provided. 2
A.3.4 Network component location listed. 1
A.3.5 Compliance IEEE standards for networking devices have been
provided.
2
Part B: Implement IP routing in a simulated environment
Part B – Task 1
B.1.1 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN1. 5
B.1.2 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN2. 5

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B.1.3 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN3. 5 35
B.1.4 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN4. 5
B.1.5 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN5. 5
B.1.6 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for LAN6. 5
B.1.7 Filled table with planned IP addressing scheme for WAN link. 5
Part B – Task 2
B.2.1 Network topology has been created using Packet Tracer. 4 12
B.2.1 Packet Tracer file saved correctly. 4
B.2.2 Topology screenshot provided. 4
Part B – Task 3
B.3.1 Filled table with appropriate IP addresses, subnet masks and
gateways (in dotted decimal notation).
15 19
B.3.2 Filled table with planned IP addresses for WAN1. 4
Part B – Task 4
B.4.1 Configured Ethernet interfaces of all the end devices with the
planned IP addresses, subnet masks and default gateways.
4 20
B.4.2 Screenshots of the completed IP configuration window have
been provided.
4
B.4.3 Configured and activated Ethernet and serial interfaces on each
router.
4
B.4.4 Proposed IP addresses, and subnet masks have been used
during configuration.
4
B.4.5 Screenshots of ‘show ip interface brief’ command have been
provided.
4
Part B – Task 5
B.5.1 Hostname configured correctly on Sydney router. 1
B.5.2 Passwords configured correctly on Sydney router. 1

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B.5.3 Message of the day banner (MOTD) configured correctly on
Sydney router.
1 14
B.5.4 Configuration has been saved in NVRAM of Sydney router. 1
B.5.5 Static routing implemented correctly. 1
B.5.6 Successful ping results provided. 1
B.5.7 Screenshots of the startup-config file have been provided. 1
B.5.8 Hostname configured correctly on Canberra router. 1
B.5.9 Passwords configured correctly on Canberra router. 1
B.5.10 Message of the day banner (MOTD) configured correctly on
Canberra router.
1
B.5.11 Configuration has been saved in NVRAM of Canberra router. 1
B.5.12 Static routing implemented correctly. 1
B.5.13 Successful ping results provided. 1
B.5.14 Screenshots of the startup-config file have been provided. 1
Part C: Short answer questions
C.1.1 Explanation is fully correct and acceptable. 5 15
C.2.1 Explanation is fully correct and acceptable. 5
C.3.1 Explanation is fully correct and acceptable. 5
Total 139

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