The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is a domestic, not-for-profit organization based in Connecticut. For more than 40 years, the FASB has helped set reporting standards within the accounting trade. Visit the FASB website and read About the FASB to learn more about its history.
One of the FASB’s major contributions to the accounting profession is the FASB Codification. Codification content is organized by subject matter in a hierarchy. Think of it as an outline structure that you can drill into to get information regarding your specific topic of interest.
The codification’s hierarchy begins with the following four highest levels:
As you research, you will drill down in the hierarchy, beginning with the Area of interest, then picking the Topic within the area, then the Subtopic, then the Section. Areas, Topics, and Subtopics are simply landing pages that contain tables of contents. Sections are the only pages that have codification content.
For example, if you wanted to research costing inventory, you would drill down by clicking on the following: Assets > 330 Inventory > 10 Overall > 30 Initial Measurement > General > 30-1 Cost Basis.
You would then see the detailed codification specific to costing inventory.
Although there are literally thousands of sections within the hundreds of subtopics, once you practice and get used to moving around in the codification, it is easy to research your accounting topics. You may find yourself utilizing it not only for class research, but also for topics you are working on in your professional life and topics that you may simply find interesting.
Note: Once you have drilled down to your subtopic, you may find it useful to click Combine Subsections. This will show the different subsections and their content on one page, allowing you to quickly scan and review areas of interest to you.
The codification is organized within the following nine areas:
The Industry area identifies 32 industries that have specific items unique to them. These industries range from five different areas of Entertainment to Mining, Financial Services, Airlines, Agriculture, Franchisors, Software, Health Care Entities, and many more.
To complete this assignment, you will need to access the FASB Codification. (Note: A login and password are required. Username: AAA51878, Password: 7kNX7Xn)
For this assignment, write a 2–4 page paper in which you:
Select one of the industries that interests you, and briefly explain why.
Identify how many subtopics are in the industry you selected.
Pick two subtopics within your selected industry that are applicable to a balance sheet (something to do with assets, liabilities, or equity).
Identify your chosen subsections by number and title. Explain what they mean in your own words.
Identify what accountants in your selected industry might be focused on as an area or areas of concern.
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