Contemporary public policy often is the result of a complex series of interactions among a large group of actors. Legislative bodies and government agencies are important players in policy formulation and implementation; however, they are not the only entities involved. There is a multitude of interested parties that may be involved in a public policy issue. For example, education policy issues might involve National Departments of Education, local departments of education, local school boards, teachers, and parents. In addition, there may be other competing interests such as church groups, atheist groups, or publishing groups, which believe that certain subjects should or should not be taught in schools. The interaction among interested partiesâ€”referred to as and considered to be competing interestsâ€”may be harmonious or conflicting, but their collective involvement in the policy network may have a major effect on outcomes of public policy.To prepare for this Discussion:Review the article â€œUsing Collaboration as a Governance Strategy: Lessons from Six Watershed Management Programsâ€ in this weekâ€™s Learning Resources. Think about how competing interests might collaborate in order to influence the formulation of public policy.Select an issue related to your specialization or one with which you are familiar. Identify competing interests related to your chosen issue.Think about the role that competing interests might play in advocating and formulating public policy related to the issue you selected.With these thoughts in mind:Write a brief description of the issue you selected and the competing interests involved. Then, explain the role that the competing interests play in advocating and formulating public policy related to your particular issue.If you live outside the United States, analyze a policy issue in your country along with the competing interests that help shape it.Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources while adhering strictly to APA style of referencing.ReadingsImperial, M. T. (2005). Using collaboration as a governance strategy: Lessons from six watershed management programs.Administration and Society, 37(3), 281â€“320.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.Klijn, E. H. (1996). Analyzing and managing policy processes in complex networks: A theoretical examination of the concept policy network and its problems.Administration and Society, 28(1), 90â€“119.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.Stich, B., & Miller, C. R. (2008). Using the advocacy coalition framework to understand freight transportation policy change.Public Works Management Policy,13(1), 62â€“74.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.Thatcher, M. (1998).The development of policy network analyses: From modest origins to overarching frameworks.Journal of Theoretical Politics,10(4), 389â€“416.The development of policy network analyses: From modest origins to overarching frameworks by Thatcher, M., in theJournal of Theoretical Politics, 10(4). Copyright 1998 by Sage Publications Inc. Journals. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Inc. Journals via the Copyright Clearance Center.Castells, M. (2005). The network society: From knowledge to policy. In M. Castells, & G. Cardoso (Eds.),The network society: From knowledge to policy. Washington, DC: The Center for Transatlantic Relations. Retrieved fromhttp://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1098&context=jane_fountain&seiredir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.com%2Fscholar%3Fstart%3D30%26q%3Dpolicy%2Bnetwork%26hl%3Den% 26as_sdt%3D0%2C11#search=%22policy%20network%22Note:You can also use Google Scholar and search forPolicy Network.MediaLaureate Education (Producer). (2014b).Competing interests and policy networks[Audio file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.In this media piece, subject-matter experts discuss the interests and perspectives of various interest groups.Optional ResourcesPappi, F. U., & Henning, C. H. C. A. (1998). Policy networks: More than a metaphor?Journal of Theoretical Politics,10(4), 553â€“575.Zafonte, M., & Sabatier, P. (1998). Shared beliefs and imposed interdependencies as determinants of ally networks in overlapping subsystems.Journal of Theoretical Politics, 10(4), 473â€“505. “Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!” “Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!”
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