What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?


1) John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of
 

A. [removed] aversive conditioning

B. [removed] positive reinforcement

C. [removed] extinction

D. [removed] negative reinforcement

2) Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as
 

A. [removed] Dualists

B. [removed] Rationalists

C. [removed] Nativists

D. [removed] Empiricists

3) The two branches of statistical methods are
 

A. [removed] quadratic; quantitative

B. [removed] informal; formal

C. [removed] quantitative; qualitative

D. [removed] consumer; quantum

4) In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to
 

A. [removed] arms and legs

B. [removed] the face

C. [removed] the tongue

D. [removed] the hands

5) What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?
 

A. [removed] Abraham Maslow

B. [removed] Carl Jung

C. [removed] B.F. Skinner

D. [removed] Sigmund Freud

6) Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?
 

A. [removed] Relationships

B. [removed] Midlife Crisis

C. [removed] Leisure-time activities

D. [removed] Civic responsibility

7) In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?
 

A. [removed] Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

B. [removed] Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct.

C. [removed] Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

D. [removed] Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated.

8) The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; to develop a conscience; and to experience a sexual identity. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.
 

A. [removed] Infant

B. [removed] Preschooler

C. [removed] School-age child

D. [removed] Toddler

9) Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?
 

A. [removed] Carl Rogers

B. [removed] Albert Bandura

C. [removed] Rollo May

D. [removed] B.F. Skinner

10) Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?
 

A. [removed] Delusional

B. [removed] Organized

C. [removed] Complex

D. [removed] Catatonic

11) The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are
 

A. [removed] Sherlin and Billingsly

B. [removed] Freud and Jung

C. [removed] Hebb and Skinner

D. [removed] Munsterberg and Scott

12) Culture-bound syndromes refer to
 

A. [removed] medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world

B. [removed] medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas

C. [removed] cultural names for common conditions found around the world

D. [removed] medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors

13) Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between
 

A. [removed] physical environment and human behavior

B. [removed] emotional motivations and human behavior

C. [removed] family dynamic and work behavior

D. [removed] biological causes of physiological disregard

14) Validity in testing refers to which of the following?
 

A. [removed] Test scores are stable

B. [removed] Different forms of the test can be used

C. [removed] The test is measuring what it set to measure

D. [removed] Whether the test is available in different languages

15) Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being
 

A. [removed] Psychoanalytic

B. [removed] Behavioral

C. [removed] Cognitive

D. [removed] Eclectic

 
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The post What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations? first appeared on nursing writers.
The post What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations? appeared first on nursing writers.

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