Please follow the instructor carefully. There are 2 Discussions, response to student discussion in a thoughtful manner, at least one paragraph each (minimum of 6-7 sentences per response in length).
Discussion # 1
To begin this assignment, it was necessary to know what hypertension is. What is blood pressure? When the heart pumps blood through the arteries the blood puts pressure on the artery walls. This is known as blood pressure. According to an article presented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is blood pressure that is higher than normal. Your blood pressure changes throughout the day based on your activities. Having blood pressure measures consistently above normal may result in a diagnosis of high blood pressure (or hypertension). Blood pressure is measured using two numbers:
· The first number called systolic blood pressure measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
· The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between beats.
If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would say, “120 over 80,” or write, “120/80 mm HG.” (Whelton et al., 2018) Enough of the book knowledge. I am personally hypertensive as were my parents. Yes, hypertension is hereditary. For years I had low blood pressure until I turned 50. My key components are obesity and migraines. I have had to change my lifestyle to get healthy and be able to enjoy my granddaughters. I have stepped completely away from fried foods, and intake at least 64 ounces of fluid per day. I would encourage anyone to increase fluids. There are people that a diuretic is prescribed to minimize fluid retention. That medication caused me to have edema (retaining fluids) to the point that my ankles and calves were twice their normal size. Exercise is important as you want to look at the cardio portion to meet your numbers at least 15 minutes per day. The one thing that I truly would advise to is increase protein. The protein helps to energize the body and can be ingested in multiple foods and drinks. I have learned the new luxury of eating more raw vegetables and staying away from fruit, fruit drinks, and heavy sugar contented foods. Not so much a diet, but an eating/lifestyle modification.
What would be appropriate health and lifestyle advice that a health care provider should give to a patient recently diagnosed with hypertension? Love you enough to make lifestyle changes to extend your life. Look at alternatives to make lifestyle changes and keep the lines of communication open between your health care provider and you to get you to your best health.
Hypertension or high blood pressure affects approximately 1 of 3 adults in the United States, and about 2 million new cases are diagnosed each year. An additional 28% of the US population is afflicted with prehypertension, and approximately 7% of Americans are not aware that they even have hypertension (Nguyen et al., 2010). A patient recently diagnosed with hypertension should consider making some health and lifestyle changes to accommodate their condition. According to Nguyen et al. (2010) taking control of hypertension reduces the risk of stroke, heart disease, end-stage renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease. Lifestyle changes a patient with hypertension can make are weight loss, reduced sodium intake, physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption, and incorporating the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan (Nguyen et al., 2010). It’s important to actively try to commit to new lifestyle changes when dealing with high blood pressure. Sometimes patients may opt for a medication plan rather than trying to eat less sodium or engage in physical exercise. Although these changes may not accommodate everyone’s blood pressure goals, this is when drug therapy is utilized. Some of the medications used in treating hypertension include diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (Nguyen et al., 2010). The main point is to take control when dealing with hypertension, whether that’s active lifestyle changes or creating a medication regimen.