K122. LOG356 Port Management And Technology


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Question 1

Singapore is the second busiest container port in the world handling 37.5 million TEUs in 2021

with containerised cargo accounting for 60.7% of total cargo processed (source: Maritime and

Port Authority of Singapore, 2022). The importance of the container port industry is

underscored by continuous expansion of port capacity to accommodate traffic growth. Towards

the end of 2021, Singapore saw the first phase of Tuas Mega Port begin operations. The world’s

biggest container terminal will be developed in four phases with projected handling capacity

of 65 million TEUs by 2040.

In not more than 400 words, illustrate the development of container port supply in Singapore

for the period 1972 until 2021.

(40 marks)

Reference and useful information

Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (2022). Port Statistics [Online]. Available at:


Question 2

The container shipping industry is increasingly dominated by shipping alliances. Nine of the

top ten carriers now belong to an alliance. Total vessel capacity held by these carriers reached

82.9% as at April 2022 (source: Alphaliner, 2022). As such, port competition in Southeast Asia

has shifted to the strategy of targeting shipping alliances.

In not more than 400 words, indicate those shipping alliances or shipping lines who have

investments in container-handling facilities in Singapore.

(40 marks)

Reference and useful information

Alphaliner (2022). Alphaliner Top 100 [Online]. Available at: