How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause-and-effect essay is an expository essay exploring the relationship and consequences between ideas.

As one progresses from high school through university, from time to time, one will be required to write a cause-and-effect essay. To develop such an essay, expository essay writers need to place themselves in an informative position. It’s vital to explain the relevant information to the reader and enable them to think about the topic critically and arrive at a conclusion. Below are the steps to follow:

Understand your topic.

The first step is to conduct adequate research on your topic. This will place the writer in a position to inform the readers of the issue and relate it to a specific consequence. Note that the goal here is not to argue or persuade the reader, but to pass information and enable them to critically arrive at the relationship between the two factors from a causative perspective.

Structure of a cause and effect essay.

The structure is important when writing an essay as it enables the writer to present ideas logically. Below are the four sections of a cause-and-effect essay:

Introduction: It contains a description of the issue explored in the essay and a thesis statement. The thesis statement should focus on the cause and effect of the topic under discussion.

Body (Causes): This section contains paragraph(s) on the main cause. One should include evidence that will back their point of view. This section also contains secondary causes supporting the argument.

Body (Effect): In this section, state the main effect resulting from the above causes. It should also include evidence supporting the argument.

Conclusion: This contains a summary of the main point of the essay and a reiteration of how they support the thesis statement.

Write a draft.

Following a grip on the structure, it’s time to lay out the ideas. It is important to ensure that the draft outlines the essay with each facet of the causes or effects explored in a different paragraph. At the end of the first draft, take some time and analyze your essay for logic concerning your topic and thesis statement.

Write a final draft.

At this point, it’s important to determine the clarity of the relationship between the causes and the effects. The writer should also ensure that the relationship’s presentation is coherent and the position taken is clear. 

When making a final draft, the writer should reference all used sources and use proper in-text citations. Avoid plagiarism and keenly proofread the paper. Lastly, the paper should be well formatted.  

Some popular cause-and-effect essay topics.

Owing to its popularity, below are the 15 most popular cause-and-effect topics:

  1. Effects of online dating
  2. Relationship between alcohol and the nervous system
  3. Effects of Pollution
  4. Domestic violence
  5. Effects of the Civil Rights Movement
  6. School bullying and its effects on children
  7. Effects of the Internet on kids
  8. Effects of Music on the human body
  9. Effects of social media on young people
  10. Impact of stress on health
  11. The causes of divorces
  12. Effects of globalization on the economy
  13. The cause and effects of telling lies
  14. Causes and effects of terrorism
  15. Effects of happy relationships on a person




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