# Lab: Identify Weak Acid Using Titration Curve

The lab report must include; Introduction, Hypothesis (if available), Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. THIS IS THE LAB needs to be written in essay format

• Acid-base reactions are double-displacement reactions characterized by the formation of an ionic salt and water.
• A titration is a method of determining the properties of an unknown solution by monitoring the quantity of a solution of known concentration necessary to react with it.
• The solution with the known concentration in a titration is called the titrant. The solution being studied is called the analyte.
• A solution with a precisely known concentration is referred to as a standard solution.
• A titration curve is a plot of pH versus volume of titrant added.
• The equivalence point in a titration is the point when the amount of titrant added is just enough to react completely with the analyte solution.
• At the half-equivalence point of a weak acid-strong base titration, the pH of the solution equals the pKa of the weak acid.

## Overview

• In this simulation, you will learn about titration curves and weak acids.
• You will perform a titration where the analyte is a weak monoprotic acid and the titrant is a strong base.
• You will create a titration curve.
• You will use the titration curve to make a tentative identification of the weak acid from its pKa value.
• You will be analyzing one of the following acids:

## Scoring

In this lab simulation, your grade will be based on the following:

• Correctly following the outlined steps of the procedure
• Making precise and accurate measurements for your Lab Data
• Calculating precise and accurate values for your Lab Data
• Reporting your measured and calculated values with the correct number of significant figures

## Before you begin

• The reaction that occurs between an unknown weak monoprotic acid and sodium hydroxide is:

NaOHâ¡(aâ¢q)+HAâ¡(aâ¢q)âŸ¶NaAâ¡(aâ¢q)+Hâ¢A2â¢Oâ¡(l)

• where HA represents the unknown weak monoprotic acid.
• The titration curve is generated by measuring the pH after incremental additions of base to the acid. A buret is used to precisely measure the amount of base added.
• Titration of all weak acids with a strong base produces a modified S-curve. The actual shape of the curve depends on the specific acid being titrated and its pKa value.
• The key features of a titration curve are the half-equivalence point and equivalence point.

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